Border Collie Breed Profile


The Border Collie is a well balanced, medium-sized dog of athletic appearance, displaying style and agility in equal measure with soundness and strength. Its hard, muscular body conveys the impression of effortless movement and endless endurance. The Border Collie is extremely intelligent, with its keen, alert expression being a very important characteristic of the breed. Any aspect of structure or temperament that would impede the dog's ability to function as a herding dog should be severely faulted. The Border Collie is, and should remain, a natural and unspoiled true working sheep dog whose conformation is described herein. Honorable scars and broken teeth incurred in the line of duty are acceptable.


The Border Collie appears in all colors or combination of colors and/or markings. Solid color, bi-color, tri-color, merle and sable dogs are to be judged equally with no one color or pattern preferred over another.


The Border Collie is energetic, intelligent, keen, alert, and responsive. An intense worker of great tractability, it is affectionate towards friends but may be sensibly reserved towards strangers. It should be alert and interested, never showing fear, dullness or resentment.


The Border Collie descended from many different droving and herding breeds from the Scottish and English border. They first appeared at the end of the 19th century, and were bred specifically for herding of sheep and cattle, but have since been used to round up ducks and chickens. Border Collies have also been bred to be independent thinkers/workers, as then tend to work far from their handlers.

Care Level

Medium (lots of energy)